WHAT ARE BROWNFIELDS
EPA defines a Brownfields site as "real property, the expansion, redevelopment or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant or contaminant" (CERCLA 1980, as amended, (39)).
Examples of Brownfields sites
- Former Gas Stations
- Former Dry Cleaners
- Factories, Warehouses
- Parking Lots
- Abandoned Railroads
- Air Strips
- Bus Facilities
- Meth Houses
- Mine Scarred Lands
- Sewer Lagoons
-Sheep Dip Vats
- Dump Sites
-Lots where heavy machinery & petroleum products were stored, used or repaired
Benefits of Brownfields Projects
- Creation of new jobs
- Revitalization of blighted areas
- Cleaner communities
- Reduction in sprawl
- Healthy neighborhoods
- Healthy environment
- Historic preservation
- Ecological restoration
- Economic development
- Improve quality of life
- Job training opportunities
- Expand local tax base
- Development of "greenfields" sites
- Environmental benefits & open space
- Deconstruction & recycling opportunties
And many more.....
Goals and Elements of the 128(a) Tribal Response Program
Goal 4: Healthy Communities & Ecosystem
Objective 4.2 Communities- Sustain, clean up & restore Communities & the ecological systems that support them
Sub-objective 4.2.3- Assess, clean up & redevelop Brownfields
Elements of the Response Program
- Timely survey and inventory of Brownfields sites;
- Mechanisms and resources to provide meaningful opportunities for public participation;
- Mechanisms for approval of a cleanup plan, verification and certification that cleanup is complete;
- Maintain and make available to the public a record of sites addressed and proposed to be addressed by the cleanup program.
- The ENIPC Inc. OETA will enhance and implement the Brownfields 128(a) program to:
- Provide outreach to increasing awareness of Brownfields to communities
- Provide training to staff and tribal enviromental professionals about the US EPA state and Tribal Response Program and its elements and;
- Continue with established survey and inventory, and the public record and;
- Develop capacity to conduct site investigations and phase I and II assessments of Brownfields sites
Brownfields Assessments Grants- Provide funding for brownfields inventories, planning, environmental assessments, and community outreach
1. Community Wide Grant ($200K)
An applicant may apply for a community-wide assessment grant if a specific site had not been identified or if the assessment will address more than one site within the community.
2. Site-Specific Grant ($350K)
A site-specific assessment grant must be applied for if the assessment is limited to one and only one, site.
Brownfields Revolving Loan Fund Grants ($1M)
Provide funding to capitalize loans that are used to clean up brownfields
Brownfields Job Training Grants
Provide environmental training for residents of brownfields communities: including Green remediation techniques~Recycling center operator training~ Spill response & cleanup~ 1st responder, first aid, & emergency response ~ Commercial driver's license (CDL), heavy machinery & forklift operator ~ HAZMAT~ Weatherization & energy auditing ~ Landscaping, native plant revegetation & ecological restoration ~ Site preparation for solar & renewable energy ~ Underground storage tank removal.
Brownfields Cleanup Grants (up to $200K/site)
Provide direct funding for cleanup activities at certain properties with planned greenspace, recreational, or other nonprofit uses.